Royal Annals Project

Dynasty ‘0’ – Lower Egypt – Kha’iw

Attested ruler of Dynasty ‘0’ of Lower Egypt, Naqada IIIb-c1, c. 3200-3150 b.c.e. The only archaeological evidence is his listing from the Palermo Stone fragment of possible 5th dynasty construction as the third ruler of Lower Egypt of the era. His common name in Egyptology is ‘Khayu.’  Kha’iw’s hieroglyphs...

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Dynasty 0 – Lower Egypt – Saka’

Attested ruler of Dynasty ‘0’ of Lower Egypt, Naqada IIIb-c1, c. 3200-3150 b.c.e. The only archaeological evidence is His listing from the Palermo Stone fragment of possible 5th dynasty construction. Common name in Egyptology are ‘Hsekiu’ or ‘Seka.’ Predecessor Only a partial inscription remains of the preceding ruler of...

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The Palermo Stone

So named after the city in Italy where it is currently in residence, this artifact is a fragment of a larger stele named by Egyptologists as the Royal Annals of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. The aforementioned stele contains a list of the rulers of the united Two...

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