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Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity ~ Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity

In the Presence of the Nab ar Djar – Lord of the End

Found in books in in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead

Three houses, one each, – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Har – Today

 

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, regional, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranapat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.

 

Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten. – Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.

Dawson Warren R. Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days – Published in: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume. 12, Number 3 October 1926.

November 14, 2019
  • IIII A'khat Ka' Har Ka' 29

    November 14, 2019

    4th month of A'khat - Inundation; month of Ka' Har Ka' - Spirit above spirit, Day 29

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 14, 2019

    Do not smell makhyat fish while throwing flame into water from which they take upon their hands any makhyat fish.

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November 15, 2019
  • the عrqyaH

    November 15, 2019

    the عrqyaH - last day of the month

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  • III mansions, I each of: Rع A'sir and Har

    November 15, 2019

    III mansions, I each of: Rع (Tomorrow) A'sir (Yesterday) and Har (Today)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 15, 2019

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  • Taking this Natjr and his Pasdjat out in procession to rest in the Ma'rw chapel, and celebrating His rites.

    November 15, 2019

    Taking this Natjr (god, Har BaHdatya - Horus Behdety) and his Pasdjat (Ennead) out in procession to rest in the Ma'rw chapel, and celebrating His rites.

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  • Offering to the spirits with their list of names

    November 15, 2019

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  • Burial of Sakar who is A'sir

    November 15, 2019

    Burial of Sakar who is A'sir

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  • Festival of the Assistants of the Pasdjat

    November 15, 2019

    Festival of the Assistants of the Pasdjat (Ennead)

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  • IIII A'khat Ka' Har Ka' 30

    November 15, 2019

    4th month of A'khat - Inundation; month of Ka' Har Ka' - Spirit above spirit, Day 30

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  • Raising and Lowering the Djad pillar

    November 15, 2019

    Raising and Lowering the Djad (Djed) pillar

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November 16, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 1

    November 16, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 1

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  • Festivals of Man and Mwat - Patrons of the month Shaf Badat

    November 16, 2019

    Festivals of Man (Min) and Mwat (Mut) Patrons of the month Shaf Badat

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  • wpat Rع

    November 16, 2019

    First of the month and its festival

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  • Festival of Opening the Year of the reign of Har BaHdatya

    November 16, 2019

    Festival of Opening the Year of the reign of Har BaHdatya (Horus Behdety) son of Rع, Beloved of Humankind, for the lifespan of Rع in BaHdat (Edfu)

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon Day 1

    November 16, 2019

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  • Good, Morning Day and Night

    November 16, 2019

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  • Gifts of naHab Ka'w to the Natjrw in the presence of PtaH

    November 16, 2019

    Gifts of naHab Ka'w (provides the spirit) to the Natjrw (gods) in the presence of PtaH (Ptah) in shrines of Ta' nanat (god of the primordial mound, PtaH) of Natjrw (gods) saviors of Rع

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  • Nafar itamw, Har Hakanw, Ma'a'Has, Ba'sat, and the RakaH wr are propitiating the wdja't eye

    November 16, 2019

    Nafar itamw (nefertum), Har Hakanw (Horus praises), Ma'a'Has (Maahes), Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet), and the RakaH wr (great burning) are propitiating the wdja't eye (udjat, wedjat)

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November 17, 2019
  • Day of Nourishment

    November 17, 2019

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon Day 2

    November 17, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 2

    November 17, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 2

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  • Good, Morning Day and Night

    November 17, 2019

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November 18, 2019
  • Good, Morning Day and Night

    November 18, 2019

    Do not burn fire in the presence of Rع

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon Day 3

    November 18, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 3

    November 18, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 3

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November 19, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 4

    November 19, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 4

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 19, 2019

    Those born this day will die old among their people, received by their father

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November 20, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 5

    November 20, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 5

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  • Placing of flame in front of the great ones by Sakhamat when she was violent because of her detention by Ma'عat, PtaH, DjaHwtya, Sia', and Hw

    November 20, 2019

    Placing of flame in front of the great ones by Sakhamat when she was violent because of her detention by Ma'عat (Ma'at), PtaH (Ptah)., DjaHwtya (Thoth), Sia' (Divine Thought) , and Hw (Authoritative Utterance)

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  • Combative, morning, day and night

    November 20, 2019

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November 21, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 21, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 6

    November 21, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 6

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  • Food offerings in Wrat, food offerings of Hantya irtya

    November 21, 2019

    Food offerings in Wrat (Great Chapel), food offerings of Hantya irtya (Mehenty-irty, Henti en Irty, foremost/frontward of eyes). A form of Har Horus worshipped in Kham/Sakham, or Ausim/Letopolis. He was personified as the sun and moon as his eyes, and appeared in the sky on the occasions the full moon rose before the sun set.

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November 22, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 22, 2019

    not copulate with any woman in front of the great flame (sunlight) in your house

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 7

    November 22, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 7

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November 23, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night Everything you see on this day will be good.

    November 23, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 8

    November 23, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 8

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November 24, 2019
  • The Natjrw are joyful with offerings of Sakhamat: pa'wt

    November 24, 2019

    The Natjrw (gods) are joyful with offerings of Sakhamat (Sekhmet, Sakhmet) : pa'wt (primordial loaf)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 24, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 9

    November 24, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 9

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November 25, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 25, 2019

     Do not burn manaH (papyrus plant)   

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  • Going forth of flame together with Har from the marshes of A'kh bit

    November 25, 2019


    Going forth of flame together with Har (Horus), son of A'sir - Osiris and A'sat (Isis) from the marshes of A'kh bit (Chemmis)
       

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 10

    November 25, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 10

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November 26, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 11

    November 26, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 11

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 26, 2019


    Do not approach flame. 
       

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November 27, 2019
  • Answering speech of Sakhamat

    November 27, 2019


    Answering speech of Sakhamat   (Sekhmet)

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 27, 2019


    Do not approach a dog.
       

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November 28, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 13

    November 28, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 13

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 28, 2019


    Good, Morning, Day and Night Those born on this day will have longer life-time, making beneficence in Ma'عat (Ma'at)

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November 29, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 14

    November 29, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 14

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  • Weeping of A'sat and Nabat Hwt mourning A'sir in Djadwt

    November 29, 2019


    Weeping of A'sat (Isis) and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys) mourning A'sir (Osiris) in Djadwt (Busiris) 

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    November 29, 2019


    Do not listen to singing and chanting

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November 30, 2019
  • Going forth of Nnw through the cave to the place where the Natjrw are in Kkwya

    November 30, 2019


    Going forth of Nnw (Nun) through the cave to the place where the Natjrw (gods) are in 
    Kkwya (Anwtat, darkness)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    November 30, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 15

    November 30, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 15

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December 1, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 1, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 16

    December 1, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 16

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  • Going forth of Shw in order to count the crew of maskatat of Rع (

    December 1, 2019


    Going forth of Shw (Shu) in order to count the crew of maskatat (night barque) of Rع (sun god)
       

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December 2, 2019
  • Going forth of Nnw to the place where the Natjrw are

    December 2, 2019

    Going forth of Nnw (Nun) to the place where the Natjrw (gods) are  in Kkwya (Anwtat, darkness)

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 17

    December 2, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 17

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 2, 2019

    Do not wash yourself

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December 3, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 18

    December 3, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 18

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 3, 2019

    Storms, do not sail upstream nor downstream on the river, nor navigate

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  • Going forth of the Natjrw to Abdjw

    December 3, 2019


    Going forth of the Natjrw (gods) to Abdjw (Abydos)
       

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December 4, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 4, 2019

    Pestilence of the year, many deaths, those born this day will not recover from the disease   

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 19

    December 4, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 19

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December 5, 2019
  • Going forth of Ba'sat who protects the land and who cares for him who comes in Kkwya

    December 5, 2019


    Going forth of Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet) who protects the land and who cares for him who comes in Kkwya (Anwtat, darkness)
       

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 20

    December 5, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 20

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 5, 2019

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December 6, 2019
  • Guidance of Ta'wya by Ba'sat

    December 6, 2019


    Guidance of Ta'wya  (Two lands, Upper and Lower Egypt) by Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet)
       

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 21

    December 6, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 21

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 6, 2019

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  • عbat offering to the followers of Rع

    December 6, 2019


    عbat (funerary) offering to the followers of Rع
     
    (sun god)  

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December 7, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 7, 2019

     Anything you see on this day will be good.   

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 22

    December 7, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 22

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December 8, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 8, 2019

    Those born on this day will die in great old age and rich

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 23

    December 8, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 23

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December 9, 2019
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 24

    December 9, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 24

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  • Loyalty to the executioners of Rع

    December 9, 2019

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  • Happiness in heaven

    December 9, 2019

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 9, 2019

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December 10, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 10, 2019

    Do not drink irtat (milk) or eat ia'rrat (grapes); drink honey

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  • Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw of BaHdat Day 1

    December 10, 2019

    Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw (Gods) of BaHdat (Edfu) Day 1

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  • Coming forth of Hasat the divine cow from Hwt Rapyat

    December 10, 2019

    Coming forth of Hasat the divine cow from Hwt Rapyat (Athribis)

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 25

    December 10, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 25

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December 11, 2019
  • At sunset offerings are diminished in Djadw while they are put on the land towards heaven 

    December 11, 2019

    At sunset offerings are diminished in Djadw (Busiris) while they are put on the land towards heaven

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  • Good Morning, Combative Day and Night

    December 11, 2019

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 26

    December 11, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 26

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  • Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw of BaHdat Day 2

    December 11, 2019

    Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw (Gods) of BaHdat (Edfu) Day 2

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December 12, 2019
  • Great festivity in Hafa'w

    December 12, 2019

    The Hafa'w (snake) is possibly a form of Rع Har A'khatya (Ra Horakhty)

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  • Good, Morning Day and Night 

    December 12, 2019

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  • Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw of BaHdat Day 3

    December 12, 2019

    Festival of endowing offerings to the Natjrw (Gods) of BaHdat (Edfu) Day 3

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 27

    December 12, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 27

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December 13, 2019
  • Going forth of the Nab

    December 13, 2019

    Going forth of the Nab (noble one)

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  • Sadafa' taryat by DjaHwtya in Khamnw

    December 13, 2019

    Sadafa't taryat (oath of allegiance) by DjaHwtya (Thoth) in Khamnw (Hermopolis, Al-Ashmunein, Shmounein)

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 28

    December 13, 2019

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 28

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 13, 2019

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