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Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity ~ Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity

In the Presence of the Nab ar Djar – Lord of the End

Found in books in in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead

Three houses, one each, – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Har – Today

 

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, regional, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranapat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.

 

Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten. – Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.

Dawson Warren R. Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days – Published in: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume. 12, Number 3 October 1926.

August 24, 2019
  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 7

    August 24, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 7

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  • The return of Rع on the necks of the foreigners.

    August 24, 2019

    The return of Rع (sun god) on the necks of the foreigners.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 24, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die in foreign lands.

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  • The children of Badasa are in the east.

    August 24, 2019
    the east.

    The children of Badasa (rebel-serpent) are in the east.

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August 25, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 25, 2019

    Anything you see will be good.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 8

    August 25, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 8

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August 26, 2019
  • Jubilation of Rع; his Pasadjat war is in festivity

    August 26, 2019

    Jubilation of Rع (sun god), his Pasadjat war (Great Ennead) is in festivity. All enemies are overthrown today.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 9

    August 26, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 9

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 26, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die at a good old age.

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  • Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHadatya

    August 26, 2019

    Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHdatya (Horus of Edfu)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 26, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die at a good old age.

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August 27, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 27, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 10

    August 27, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 10

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  • Procession of Ba'sat Mistress of عnkhatw, going to the Isadat

    August 27, 2019

    Procession of Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet), Mistress of عnkhatw, going to the Isadat. The Isadat tree, in Iwnw (Heliopolis), on the leaves of which pharaohs' names were inscribed.

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  • Rع raised Ma'عat again and again to Itamw

    August 27, 2019

    Rع (sun god) raised Ma'عat (Ma'at) again and again to Itamw (Atum)

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August 28, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 28, 2019

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  • Fixing the frontpiece at the front of prow of the barque.

    August 28, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 11

    August 28, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 11

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August 29, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 29, 2019

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  • Satash raised His head in rebellion of Rع; Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

    August 29, 2019

    Satash (Seth) raised His head in rebellion of Rع (sun god); Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 12

    August 29, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 12

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August 30, 2019
  • The Warw praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies

    August 30, 2019

    The Warw (Great Ones, Pasadjat war, Great Ennead) praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies (Har BaHadatya - Horus of Edfu)

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 13

    August 30, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 13

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 30, 2019

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August 31, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 31, 2019

    Make offerings to the local Natjrw (gods), and pacify the spirits

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  • Receiving Hadjat by Har

    August 31, 2019

    Receiving Hadjat (White Crown) by Har (Horus)

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 14

    August 31, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 14

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September 1, 2019
  • Going forth of Rع at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

    September 1, 2019

    Going forth of Rع (sun god) at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 15

    September 1, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 15

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  • Good Morning, Combative Day and Night

    September 1, 2019

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September 2, 2019
  • Wann nafar: His retinue is in great festivity.

    September 2, 2019

    Wann nafar: His retinue is in great festivity.
    Wann nafar is Onoúphrios, a name of A'sir (Osiris) that means "the one who is perpetually perfect/beautiful."

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 2, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 16

    September 2, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 16

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  • Strife by children of Gabb

    September 2, 2019

    Strife by children of Gabb (Geb)

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September 3, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 3, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die smelling.

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  • The local Natjrw will listen to you today.

    September 3, 2019

    The local Natjrw (gods) will listen to you today

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 17

    September 3, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 17

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September 4, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 4, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 18

    September 4, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 18

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  • Inspecting the wعbat while making transformations into lizards for the sama' ta'

    September 4, 2019

    Inspecting the wعbat (pure place) while making transformations into lizards (drying the khat - body in natron) for the sama' ta' (burial-ground). He started weeping aloud. He placed their hands on their heads, men and women alike.

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September 5, 2019
  • II A'khat Mankhat 19

    September 5, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 19

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 5, 2019

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  • Going forth of Nnw to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

    September 5, 2019

    Going forth of Nnw (Nun) to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

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September 6, 2019
  • Giving compensation in presence of Rع

    September 6, 2019

    Giving compensation in presence of Rع (sun god). DjaHwtya (Thoth) makes an example of rebels who shall be underneath.

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 6, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 20

    September 6, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 20

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September 7, 2019
  • The eyes of Nat with Sa'ma'at guide DjaHwtya in appeasing and praising her.

    September 7, 2019

    The eyes of Nat (Neith) with Sa'ma'at (Upper Egyptian cobra) guide DjaHwtya (Thoth) in appeasing and praising her.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 7, 2019

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 21

    September 7, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 22

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September 8, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 8, 2019

    Do not bathe today.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 22

    September 8, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 23

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  • Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak, son of Nat

    September 8, 2019

    Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak (Sobek), son of Nat (Neith).

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  • A'sat is happy and Nabat Hwt in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar has given the throne to his son Har in front of Rع

    September 8, 2019

    A'sat (Isis) is happy and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys) in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar (Onnophris) has given the throne to his son Har (Horus) in front of Rع

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September 9, 2019
  • II A'khat Mankhat 23

    September 9, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 24

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  • Good Morning and Day, Combative Night

    September 9, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die of a crocodile

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September 10, 2019
  • Going forth of the executioners from Sa'w to look for the children of Sabi when He is in the Wa'dj war

    September 10, 2019

    Going forth of the executioners from Sa'w (Sais) to look for the children of Sabi (rebel serpent) when He is in the Wa'dj war (great green, ocean).

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 24

    September 10, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 25

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 10, 2019

    Do not go out in any wind

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September 11, 2019
  • Finding the children of Sabi wrapped in tama'

    September 11, 2019

    Finding the children of Sabi (rebel-serpent) wrapped in tama' (mat of skin on ships sides).

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 25

    September 11, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 26

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 11, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will suffer from a bull until death

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September 12, 2019
  • Opening and sealing the windows of the palace in Djadw

    September 12, 2019

    Opening and sealing the windows of the palace in Djadw (Busiris)

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 12, 2019

    Do not put down a foundation of a house, or a ship in a shipyard, or order work

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 26

    September 12, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 27

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September 13, 2019
  • II A'khat Mankhat 27

    September 13, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 28

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 13, 2019

    Do not perform physical labor. Anyone born on this day will die by a snake.

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September 14, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 14, 2019

    If you see anything on this day it will be good

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 28

    September 14, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 29

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September 15, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 15, 2019

    Anyone born on this day will die honorable.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 29

    September 15, 2019

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 30

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September 16, 2019
  • II A'khat Mankhat 30

    September 16, 2019

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 16, 2019

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  • عrqyaH

    September 16, 2019

    عrqyaH - last day of the month

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  • Father of the Natjrw comes forth from Nnw, the land is in festivity.

    September 16, 2019

    Father of the Natjrw (gods) comes forth from Nnw (Nun), the land is in festivity.

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  • III mansions, I each of: Rع, A'sir, and Har (Today)

    September 16, 2019

    III mansions, I each of: Rع (Tomorrow) A'sir (Yesterday) and Har (Today)

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  • Festival of the Great Luminary who overthrows his enemies

    September 16, 2019

    Festival of the Great Luminary (Har BaHdatya - Horus Behdety) who overthrows his enemies.

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September 17, 2019
  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 1

    September 17, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 1

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  • wpat Rع

    September 17, 2019

    wpat Rع - First of the month and its festival

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 17, 2019

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  • Festival of Hwt-Har

    September 17, 2019

    Festival of Hwt Har (Hathor) the patroness of the month Khanat Hwt Har.

    The mistress of heaven, Hwt-Har (Hathor) is in heaven.

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September 18, 2019
  • Return of Wdjyat from Djap

    September 18, 2019

    Return of Wdjyat (Expedition) from Djap, or Per Wa'djat, Buto

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  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 2

    September 18, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 2

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 18, 2019

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September 19, 2019
  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 3

    September 19, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 3

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 19, 2019

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  • The Noble One comes forth

    September 19, 2019

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September 20, 2019
  • Going forth of Satash with his followers to the eastern horizon

    September 20, 2019

    Going forth of Satash (Seth) with his followers to the eastern horizon

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  • Trembling of the earth under Nnw

    September 20, 2019

    Trembling of the earth under Nnw (Nun).

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  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 4

    September 20, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 4

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September 21, 2019
  • Day of blaming by the Natjr

    September 21, 2019

    Day of blaming by the Natjr (God).

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 21, 2019

    Do not keep fire burning in the house, nor look at it.

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  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 5

    September 21, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 5

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September 22, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 22, 2019

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  • Day of encouragement of the Natjrw

    September 22, 2019

    Day of encouragement of the Natjrw (gods)

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  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 6

    September 22, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 6

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September 23, 2019
  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 7

    September 23, 2019

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 7

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  • Festival Mantjw

    September 23, 2019

    Festival Mantjw (Montu).

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