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Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity ~ Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity

In the Presence of the Nab ar Djar – Lord of the End

Found in books in in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead

Three houses, one each, – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Har – Today

 

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, regional, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranapat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.

 

Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten. – Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.

Dawson Warren R. Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days – Published in: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume. 12, Number 3 October 1926.

December 14, 2018
  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 29

    December 14, 2018

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 29

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 14, 2018

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  • DjaHwtya (Thoth) sends wdj southward to guide Ta'wya by Ba'sat together with the unique Lady, Sakhamat the great

    December 14, 2018

    DjaHwtya (Thoth) sends wdj (decree) southward to guide the Ta'wya (Two lands) by Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet) together with the unique Lady, Sakhamat (Sekhmet) the great

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  • Appearance in the sight of Hw

    December 14, 2018

    Appearance in the sight of Hw (Authoritative Utterance)

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December 15, 2018
  • Good Morning, Day and Night

    December 15, 2018

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  • Return of the Distant Natjrat Tafnet from Bwgam

    December 15, 2018

    Return of the Distant Natjrat (Goddess) Tafnet (Tefnut) from Bwgam (Southern land, possibly Nubia)

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  • III mansions, I each of: Rع A'sir and Har

    December 15, 2018

    III mansions, I each of: Rع (Tomorrow) A'sir (Yesterday) and Har (Today)

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  • Incense on the fire according to list of names of the Natjrw

    December 15, 2018

    Incense on the fire according to list of names of the Natjrw (gods)

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  • I Parat Shaf Badat Day 30

    December 15, 2018

    First month of Parat - Going forth (Growing) month of Shaf Badat (Swelling of Wheat) Day 30

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  • Crossing over in presence of Nnw from temple of Ha'pya the father of the Natjrw and the Pasdjat, lords of Har عHع

    December 15, 2018

    Crossing over in presence of Nnw (Nun) from temple of Ha'pya (Hapi) the father of the Natjrw (gods) and the Pasdjat (Ennead), lords of Har عHع (Hor Aha)

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December 16, 2018
  • Festival of A'sat

    December 16, 2018

    Festival of A'sat (Isis) patroness of the month RakaH wr

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 16, 2018

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  • wpat Rع

    December 16, 2018

    First of the month and its festival

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  • Lifting of the heaven of Rع by PtaH with his hands. 

    December 16, 2018

    Lifting of the heaven of Rع (sun god) by PtaH (Ptah) with his hands.

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon, Day 1

    December 16, 2018

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 1

    December 16, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 1

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December 17, 2018
  • Receiving Rع by the Natjrw

    December 17, 2018

    Receiving Rع (sun god) by the Natjrw (gods)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 17, 2018

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 2

    December 17, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 2

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December 18, 2018
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 3

    December 18, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 3

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  • Going forth of Satash with his followers to the eastern horizon

    December 18, 2018

    Going forth of Satash (Seth) with his followers to the eastern horizon

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon, Day 3

    December 18, 2018

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 3

    December 18, 2018

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  • Navigation of Ma'عat to the place where the Natjrw are 

    December 18, 2018

    Navigation of Ma'عat (Ma'at) to the place where the Natjrw (gods) are

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 18, 2018

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December 19, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 19, 2018

    Apply to your local Natjrw (gods); propitiate your spirits; exalt your crew

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon, Day 4

    December 19, 2018

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 4

    December 19, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 4

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December 20, 2018
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 5

    December 20, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 5

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 20, 2018

    All you see on this day is good.

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  • Coronation of the Sacred Falcon, Day 5

    December 20, 2018

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December 21, 2018
  • Putting up the Djad of A'sir

    December 21, 2018

    Putting up the Djad (djed pillar) of A'sir (Osiris)

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  • The Natjrw are sad with their faces downwards; they pronounced who were before

    December 21, 2018

    The Natjrw (gods) are sad with their faces downwards; they pronounced who were before

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 21, 2018

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  • Establishment of the Cow of Heaven

    December 21, 2018

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 6

    December 21, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 6

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December 22, 2018
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 7

    December 22, 2018

    Description:Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 7

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 22, 2018

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  •  عbat to the Natjrw

    December 22, 2018

    عbat (funerary offerings) to the Natjrw (gods)

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December 23, 2018
  • The Natjrw in festivity in Iwnyat

    December 23, 2018

    The Natjrw (gods) in festivity in Iwnyat (Letopolis)

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  • Invocation offering to ba'w in your house

    December 23, 2018

    Invocation offering to ba'w (spirits) in your house

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 8

    December 23, 2018

    Description:Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 8

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 23, 2018

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December 24, 2018
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 9

    December 24, 2018

    Description:Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 9

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 24, 2018

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  • dit of all the Natjrw of Har عHa'

    December 24, 2018

    dit (ration) of all the Natjrw (gods) of Har عHa'

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December 25, 2018
  • Raising up of Hamat of sanctuary by Mar wr

    December 25, 2018

    Raising up of Hamat (majesty) of sanctuary by Mar wr (Mnevis Bull)

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 10

    December 25, 2018

    Description:Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 10

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  • Going forth of wdja't for singing in Iwnw

    December 25, 2018

    Going forth of wdja't (eye of Rع) for singing in Iwnw (Heliopolis)

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  • Rع raises Ma'عat again and again to Itamw

    December 25, 2018

    Rع (sun god) raises Ma'عat (Ma'at) again and again to Itamw (Atum)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 25, 2018

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December 26, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 26, 2018

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  • Nat in Sa'w, taking writing material prepared in her house. Going forth of Sabak to guide her with good writing at her hands

    December 26, 2018

    Nat (Neith) in Sa'w (Sais), taking writing material prepared in her house. Going forth of Sabak (Sobek) to guide her with good writing at her hands

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 11

    December 26, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 11

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December 27, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 27, 2018

    All you see this day is good

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 12

    December 27, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 12

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December 28, 2018
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    December 28, 2018

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  • Proceeding of Sakhamat to Hasrat, necropolis of Khanmw; Her great Khyatyw passed by

    December 28, 2018

    Proceeding of Sakhamat (Sekhmet) to Hasrat (Tuna el-Gebel), necropolis of Khanmw (Khnum) (Hermopolis Magna); Her great Khyatyw (executioners) passed by

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 13

    December 28, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 13

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December 29, 2018
  • Combative Morning, Good Day and Night

    December 29, 2018

    Do not go out in the face of dawn

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 14

    December 29, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 14

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  • Seeing the rebel and killing him by Satash at prow of the great barque

    December 29, 2018

    Seeing the rebel (Apep) and killing him by Satash (Seth) at prow of the great barque (boat of the sun god Rع)

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December 30, 2018
  • Good Morning, Combative Day, Good Night

    December 30, 2018

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  • The Natjrw go forth for him in heaven: his hand holding the عnkh and Wa's to the nose of Khantya-irtya at time of His reckoning

    December 30, 2018

    The Natjrw (gods) go forth for him (Satash) in heaven: his hand holding the عnkh (Ankh) and Wa's (Was sceptre) to the nose of Khantya-irtya (Horus of the foremost eyes) at time of His reckoning

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 15

    December 30, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 15

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December 31, 2018
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 16

    December 31, 2018

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 16

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  •  Awakening of A'sat by Rع when the son Har saved his father

    December 31, 2018

    Awakening of A'sat (Isis) by Rع (sun god) when the son Har (Horus) saved his father

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    December 31, 2018

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January 1, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 17

    January 1, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 17

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  • Things of the wعbat of A'sir which have been placed in the hands of Inpw

    January 1, 2019

    Things of the wعbat (pure place) of A'sir (Osiris) which have been placed in the hands of Inpw (Anubis)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    January 1, 2019

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January 2, 2019
  • Going forth of the seven executioners in RaHasrat, their fingers searching for the A'khat-eye in town of Iyat 

    January 2, 2019

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 18

    January 2, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 18

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    January 2, 2019

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January 3, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 19

    January 3, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 19

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  • Good Morning and Day, Combative Night

    January 3, 2019

    Do not decide to go about during daytime

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January 4, 2019
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    January 4, 2019

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  • Proceeding of Her Majesty of heaven southward to the road

    January 4, 2019

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 20

    January 4, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 20

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January 5, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 21

    January 5, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 21

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    January 5, 2019

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  • Birth of the cattle, meadows of this Natjr Khantya

    January 5, 2019

    Birth of the cattle, meadows of this Natjr Khantya (foremost god)

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January 6, 2019
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    January 6, 2019

    Everything you see this day will be good

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  • II Parat RakaH wr day 22

    January 6, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 22

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January 7, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 23

    January 7, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 23

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night Everything you see this day will be good

    January 7, 2019

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January 8, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 24

    January 8, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 24

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January 9, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 25

    January 9, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 25

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January 10, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 26

    January 10, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 26

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January 11, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 27

    January 11, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 27

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January 12, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 28

    January 12, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 28

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January 13, 2019
  • II Parat RakaH wr day 29

    January 13, 2019

    Second month of Parat (Going Forth) month of RakaH wr (Great Burning) day 29

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