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Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity ~ Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity

In the Presence of the Nab ar Djar – Lord of the End

Found in books in in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead

Three houses, one each, – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Har – Today

 

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, regional, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranapat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.

 

Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten. – Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.

Dawson Warren R. Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days – Published in: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume. 12, Number 3 October 1926.

August 18, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 18, 2018

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  • Festival of PtaH - Patron of the month Mankhat

    August 18, 2018

    Festival of PtaH (Ptah) Patron of the month of Mankhat (cloth). PtaH is the chief god at Man nafar (Memphis), together with his consort Sakhamat (Sekhmet, Sakhmet) and child nafar itamw (nefertem, nefertum).
    PtaH is known in the Shabaka stone as PtaH South-of-His-Wall, and PtaH of Tatenen (primordial mound).
    The Natjr (god) was also declared in the stone as 'self created, so says Itamw (Atum) creator of the Pasadjat war (Great Ennead), and in fact created Itamw, putting him as foremost of the creator gods.
    He is also said in the stone to have separated Har (Horus) and his father's brother Satash (Seth), and bestowed upon certain inheritances of land, specifically the black locality (Kamat) for Har and the red locality (Dasharat) for Satash.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 1

    August 18, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 1

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  • The Pasadjat war in festivity, establishing heritage of the great one Har

    August 18, 2018

    The Pasadjat wr (great Ennead) in festivity, establishing heritage of the great one Har (Horus)
    It commemorates the establishment of Har (Horus) as the son of A'sir (Osiris) and heir to his crown and cartouche.

    The Pasadjat war is the nine great Natjrw (gods) of the paradigm of Iwnw (Heliopolis) under Rع (Ra the sun god). They consist of: Shw (Shu), Tafanat (Tefnut), Gabb (Geb, Seb), Nwat (Nut), A'sir (Osiris), Har Khanatya na Ma'عatya (Horus Foremost of Judgment), Satash (Seth), A'sat (Isis), and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys).

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  • wapat Rع

    August 18, 2018

    wpat Rع (Opening of Ra) First of the month and its festival

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  • Hab Mankhat

    August 18, 2018

    Hab Mankhat - Festival of Cloth

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August 19, 2018
  • Day of Har suffering from His buttocks

    August 19, 2018

    Day of Har (Horus) suffering from His buttocks. Offer qabbwt (cold water) and honey to Har (Horus) son of A'sir (Osiris) and A'sat (Isis).

    From the Judgment of Har and Satash (Seth):

    "Then Satash told Har: Come, let us make holiday in my house". Har told him: "I will do so, surely, I will do. So I will do." Afterward, at evening time, bed was prepared for them, and they both lay down. During the night Satash caused his phallus to become stiff and inserted it between the thighs of Har. Har placed his hands between his thighs and received the semen of Satash."

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 19, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 2

    August 19, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 2

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August 20, 2018
  • Going forth of Satash with His followers to the eastern horizon

    August 20, 2018

    Going forth of Satash (Seth) with His followers to the eastern horizon

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  • Trembling of the land under Nnw

    August 20, 2018

    Trembling of the land under Nnw (Nun).

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 3

    August 20, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 3

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August 21, 2018
  • Combative Morning, Good Day, Combative Night

    August 21, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die of skin-sash

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 4

    August 21, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 4

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  • Going forth of Inpw for wعbat amulet for protection of the divine limbs

    August 21, 2018

    Going forth of Inpw (Anubis) for wعbat (pure) amulet for protection of the divine limbs.

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August 22, 2018
  • Day of encouragement of the Natjrw

    August 22, 2018

    Day of encouragement of the Natjrw (gods)

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  • Festival of Mantjw

    August 22, 2018

    Festival of Mantjw (Montu)
    Mantjw is a Natjr (god) that rose to prominence with the 11th dynasty Pharaohs at Wa'set (Thebes) He is usually depicted as a falcon headed man, but also can be a sacred bull known as the Buchis, or a bull headed man.

    Mantjw is primarily a military war god, and patron of the militant Pharaohs of the New Kingdom. Also, he was patron of the Madja'yw (Medjay), originally an ethnic group from Nubia, but eventually was culturally absorbed into ancient Egypt to form a special forces unit of the military and paramilitary police unit during the New Kingdom.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 5

    August 22, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 5

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 22, 2018

    Do not copulate with a woman. Anyone born on this day will die of copulation.

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August 23, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 23, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die of drunkenness

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  • The Pasadjat war gives praise in front of the Nab ra Djar

    August 23, 2018

    The Pasadjat war (Great Ennead) gives praise in front of the Nab ra Djar (Lord of All, Rع itamw (Atum)).

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  • Rع is in heaven, the Natjrw are pacified in his presence.

    August 23, 2018

    Rع (sun god) is in heaven, the Natjrw (gods) are pacified in his presence.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 6

    August 23, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 6

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August 24, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 7

    August 24, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 7

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  • The return of Rع on the necks of the foreigners.

    August 24, 2018

    The return of Rع (sun god) on the necks of the foreigners.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 24, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die in foreign lands.

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  • The children of Badasa are in the east.

    August 24, 2018
    the east.

    The children of Badasa (rebel-serpent) are in the east.

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August 25, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 25, 2018

    Anything you see will be good.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 8

    August 25, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 8

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August 26, 2018
  • Jubilation of Rع; his Pasadjat war is in festivity

    August 26, 2018

    Jubilation of Rع (sun god), his Pasadjat war (Great Ennead) is in festivity. All enemies are overthrown today.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 9

    August 26, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 9

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 26, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die at a good old age.

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  • Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHadatya

    August 26, 2018

    Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHdatya (Horus of Edfu)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 26, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die at a good old age.

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August 27, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 27, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 10

    August 27, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 10

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  • Procession of Ba'sat Mistress of عnkhatw, going to the Isadat

    August 27, 2018

    Procession of Ba'sat (Bast, Bastet), Mistress of عnkhatw, going to the Isadat. The Isadat tree, in Iwnw (Heliopolis), on the leaves of which pharaohs' names were inscribed.

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August 28, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 28, 2018

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  • Fixing the frontpiece at the front of prow of the barque.

    August 28, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 11

    August 28, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 11

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August 29, 2018
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 29, 2018

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  • Satash raised His head in rebellion of Rع; Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

    August 29, 2018

    Satash (Seth) raised His head in rebellion of Rع (sun god); Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 12

    August 29, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 12

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August 30, 2018
  • The Warw praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies

    August 30, 2018

    The Warw (Great Ones, Pasadjat war, Great Ennead) praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies (Har BaHadatya - Horus of Edfu)

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 13

    August 30, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 13

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 30, 2018

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August 31, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 31, 2018

    Make offerings to the local Natjrw (gods), and pacify the spirits

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  • Receiving Hadjat by Har

    August 31, 2018

    Receiving Hadjat (White Crown) by Har (Horus)

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 14

    August 31, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 14

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September 1, 2018
  • Going forth of Rع at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

    September 1, 2018

    Going forth of Rع (sun god) at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 15

    September 1, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 15

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  • Good Morning, Combative Day and Night

    September 1, 2018

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September 2, 2018
  • Wann nafar: His retinue is in great festivity.

    September 2, 2018

    Wann nafar: His retinue is in great festivity.
    Wann nafar is Onoúphrios, a name of A'sir (Osiris) that means "the one who is perpetually perfect/beautiful."

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 2, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat Day 16

    September 2, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 16

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September 3, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 3, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die smelling.

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  • The local Natjrw will listen to you today.

    September 3, 2018

    The local Natjrw (gods) will listen to you today

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 17

    September 3, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 17

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September 4, 2018
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 4, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 18

    September 4, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 18

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  • Inspecting the wعbat while making transformations into lizards for the sama' ta'

    September 4, 2018

    Inspecting the wعbat (pure place) while making transformations into lizards (drying the khat - body in natron) for the sama' ta' (burial-ground). He started weeping aloud. He placed their hands on their heads, men and women alike.

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September 5, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat 19

    September 5, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 19

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 5, 2018

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  • Going forth of Nnw to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

    September 5, 2018

    Going forth of Nnw (Nun) to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

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September 6, 2018
  • Giving compensation in presence of Rع

    September 6, 2018

    Giving compensation in presence of Rع (sun god). DjaHwtya (Thoth) makes an example of rebels who shall be underneath.

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 6, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 20

    September 6, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 20

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September 7, 2018
  • The eyes of Nat with Sa'ma'at guide DjaHwtya in appeasing and praising her.

    September 7, 2018

    The eyes of Nat (Neith) with Sa'ma'at (Upper Egyptian cobra) guide DjaHwtya (Thoth) in appeasing and praising her.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 7, 2018

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 21

    September 7, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 22

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September 8, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat 22

    September 8, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 23

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  • Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak, son of Nat

    September 8, 2018

    Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak (Sobek), son of Nat (Neith).

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  • A'sat is happy and Nabat Hwt in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar has given the throne to his son Har in front of Rع

    September 8, 2018

    A'sat (Isis) is happy and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys) in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar (Onnophris) has given the throne to his son Har (Horus) in front of Rع

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September 9, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat 23

    September 9, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 24

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  • Good Morning and Day, Combative Night

    September 9, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die of a crocodile

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September 10, 2018
  • Djad of Itamw of Iwnw at the moment of uproar

    September 10, 2018

    Djad (Djed pillar) of Itamw (Atum) of Iwnw (Heliopolis) at the moment of uproar

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 24

    September 10, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 25

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 10, 2018

    Do not go out in any wind

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September 11, 2018
  • Finding the children of Badasa wrapped in tama' (mat of skin on ships sides).

    September 11, 2018

    Finding the children of Badasa (rebel-serpent) wrapped in tama' (mat of skin on ships sides).

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 25

    September 11, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 26

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 11, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will suffer from a bull until death

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September 12, 2018
  • The enemies of Har embraced as they ware turned into ebony in Djat for three days and four nights.

    September 12, 2018

    The enemies of Har (Horus) embraced as they ware turned into ebony in Djat for three days and four nights.
    The Masan (harpoon) was evoked, given by A'sat (Isis) to her son who became aloof from her like a panther.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 12, 2018

    Do not put down a foundation of a house, or a ship in a shipyard, or order work

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 26

    September 12, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 27

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September 13, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat 27

    September 13, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 28

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 13, 2018

    Do not perform physical labor. Anyone born on this day will die by a snake.

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September 14, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 14, 2018

    If you see anything on this day it will be good

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 28

    September 14, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 29

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September 15, 2018
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 15, 2018

    Anyone born on this day will die honorable.

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  • II A'khat Mankhat 29

    September 15, 2018

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Mankhat - cloth. Day 30

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September 16, 2018
  • II A'khat Mankhat 30

    September 16, 2018

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 16, 2018

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  • عrqyaH

    September 16, 2018

    عrqyaH - last day of the month

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  • Father of the Natjrw comes forth from Nnw, the land is in festivity.

    September 16, 2018

    Father of the Natjrw (gods) comes forth from Nnw (Nun), the land is in festivity.

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  • III mansions, I each of: Rع, A'sir, and Har (Today)

    September 16, 2018

    III mansions, I each of: Rع (Tomorrow) A'sir (Yesterday) and Har (Today)

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  • Festival of the Great Luminary who overthrows his enemies

    September 16, 2018

    Festival of the Great Luminary (Har BaHdatya - Horus Behdety) who overthrows his enemies.

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September 17, 2018
  • III A'khat Khanat Hwt Hr 1

    September 17, 2018

    3rd month of the season A'khat - Inundation, month of Khanat Hwt Hr - water procession of Hathor, Day 1

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  • wpat Rع

    September 17, 2018

    wpat Rع - First of the month and its festival

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 17, 2018

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  • Festival of Hwt-Har

    September 17, 2018

    Festival of Hwt Har (Hathor) the patroness of the month Khanat Hwt Har.

    The mistress of heaven, Hwt-Har (Hathor) is in heaven.

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