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About Kamat

Kamat is a research organization in California, USA for the the reconstruction of the Ancient Egyptian Culture. Utilizing the latest in scientific research and the principles of cognitive archaeology, Kamat seeks to understand what the ancients felt and thought in all facets of their lives. Kamat also utilizes the techniques of experimental archaeology to physically reconstruct culturally significant aspects of ancient Egypt.


Kamat or km.t is a compound word meaning black locality. It refers to the rich black soil that surrounds the Nile. This configuration of hieroglyphs is from the Obélisque de Louxor of Ramesses II; currently at Place de la Concorde in Paris, France.


In Gardiner Classification: {I6} – crocodile skin with spines; {G17} – Owl; {Y1v} papyrus rolled up and sealed, vertical

The Wörterbuch der Aegyptischen Sprache – (Dictionary of the Egyptian Language) lists no less than 24 different terms of km indicating ‘black’ such as black stone, metal, wood, hair, eyes, and animals.


{X1} – bread; {O49} – village with crossroads

The determinative O49 is used to designate the term for ‘country, inhabited/cultivated land’, called the niw.t (a political designate). It is a circle with a cross which represents a street, ‘town intersection.

There is a modern racial based belief that km.t means ‘land of blacks/land of black people.’ This is impossible, not only historically, but also linguistically. The racial belief of discrimination or classification based on skin color was unknown in the ancient world until the Graeco-Roman Period, c. 322 bce. The ancient Greeks, when meeting  darker skinned people of Nubia, called them Aethiopian, meaning ‘burnt faces.’ In c. 30 bce the Romans met Nubians, and called them nigrum, meaning ‘black.’

Ancient Egyptians referred to Nubians as:

ta’ naHasyw – Southlanders, as it was common in the ancient world to discriminate based on geography, but not skin color.

The 198 BC Rosetta Stone uses the Black hieroglyph three times to make the name of Egypt as km.t:




Of the 22 place name uses for the “name of ancient Egypt”, 7 are for another name of Egypt as  iAt – signifying the soil of Egypt:




The Greek form of “Egypt”, signifying it as “the (divine) place of the mound (of creation)” and the fertile black soil of the land after the Inundation.




Further linguistic evidence establishing km.t as referring to the black soil is the ancient Egyptian word for desert and diametrically opposed locality to the ancient Egyptians:

dSr.t, (dashrat) is a compound word of the word ‘red’ and the word for locality.

Reconstructing the Ancient Egyptian Language


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