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Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity ~ Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity

In the Presence of the Nab ar Djar – Lord of the End

Found in books in in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead

Three houses, one each, – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Har – Today

 

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, regional, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranapat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.

 

Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten. – Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.

Dawson Warren R. Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days – Published in: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume. 12, Number 3 October 1926.

August 11, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 11, 2020

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  • Rع sails with favorable wind. He settles his body, his heart especially. He then is in maskatat and rising in Mandjat for the honored one

    August 11, 2020

    Rع (sun god) sails with favorable wind. He settles his body, his heart especially. He then is in maskatat (day barqe) and rising in Mandjat (night barque) for the honored one.

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  • I A'khat Takhya Day 24

    August 11, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 24

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August 12, 2020
  • Good, Morning Day and Night

    August 12, 2020

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  • I A'khat Takhya Day 25

    August 12, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 25

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  • Sakhamat goes east as the lioness, repelling the followers of Satash

    August 12, 2020

    Sakhamat (Sekhmet, She the Powerful) goes east as the lioness, repelling the followers of Satash (Seth).

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August 13, 2020
  • The enemies of Har embraced as they were turned into habnya in Djat for 3 days & 4 nights. The Masan was evoked, given by A'sat to her son who became aloof from her like an A'bya

    August 13, 2020

    The enemies of Har (Horus) embraced as they were turned into habnya (ebony) in Djat (eternity) for 3 days & 4 nights. The Masan (harpoon) was evoked, given by A'sat (Isis) to her son who became aloof from her like an A'bya (Leopard).

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  • I A'khat Takhya Day 26

    August 13, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 26

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August 14, 2020
  • Peace Between Har and Satash

    August 14, 2020

    Peace Between Har (Horus) and Satash (Seth)

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  • I A'khat Takhya Day 27

    August 14, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 27

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 14, 2020

    Anyone born this day will die in peace and satisfaction. Do not kill عnkha'ya snakes today.

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August 15, 2020
  • I A'khat Takhya Day 28

    August 15, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 28

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  • The Natjrw are happy when they see the children of Nwat peaceful and content.

    August 15, 2020

    The Natjrw (gods) are happy when they see the children of Nwat ((Nut), the five Natjrw A'sir (Osiris), Har Khanatya na Ma'عatya (Horus Foremost of Judgment), Satash (Seth), A'sat (Isis), and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys)) peaceful and content.

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August 16, 2020
  • I A'khat Takhya Day 29

    August 16, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 29

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 16, 2020

    Do not burn the hand with ointment today.

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August 17, 2020
  • I A'khat Takhya Day 30

    August 17, 2020

    First month of the season A'khat (Inundation) month of Takhy (drunkenness) Day 30

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  • III mansions, I each of: Rع, A'sir and Har

    August 17, 2020

    III mansions, I each of: Rع (Tomorrow) A'sir (Yesterday) and Har (Today)

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 17, 2020

    Anything you see today will be good.

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August 18, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 18, 2020

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  • Festival of PtaH - Patron of the month Mankhat

    August 18, 2020

    Festival of PtaH (Ptah) Patron of the month of Mankhat (cloth). PtaH is the chief god at Man nafar (Memphis), together with his consort Sakhamat (Sekhmet, Sakhmet) and child nafar itamw (nefertem, nefertum).
    PtaH is known in the Shabaka stone as PtaH South-of-His-Wall, and PtaH of Tatenen (primordial mound).
    The Natjr (god) was also declared in the stone as 'self created, so says Itamw (Atum) creator of the Pasadjat war (Great Ennead), and in fact created Itamw, putting him as foremost of the creator gods.
    He is also said in the stone to have separated Har (Horus) and his father's brother Satash (Seth), and bestowed upon certain inheritances of land, specifically the black locality (Kamat) for Har and the red locality (Dasharat) for Satash.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 1

    August 18, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 1

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  • The Pasadjat war in festivity, establishing heritage of the great one Har

    August 18, 2020

    The Pasadjat wr (great Ennead) in festivity, establishing heritage of the great one Har (Horus)
    It commemorates the establishment of Har (Horus) as the son of A'sir (Osiris) and heir to his crown and cartouche.

    The Pasadjat war is the nine great Natjrw (gods) of the paradigm of Iwnw (Heliopolis) under Rع (Ra the sun god). They consist of: Shw (Shu), Tafanat (Tefnut), Gabb (Geb, Seb), Nwat (Nut), A'sir (Osiris), Har Khanatya na Ma'عatya (Horus Foremost of Judgment), Satash (Seth), A'sat (Isis), and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys).

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  • wapat Rع

    August 18, 2020

    wpat Rع (Opening of Ra) First of the month and its festival

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  • Hab Mankhat

    August 18, 2020

    Hab Manakhat - Festival of Cloth

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August 19, 2020
  • Day of Har suffering from His buttocks

    August 19, 2020

    Day of Har (Horus) suffering from His buttocks. Offer qababwt (cold water) and honey to Har (Horus) son of A'sir (Osiris) and A'sat (Isis).

    From the Judgment of Har and Satash (Seth):

    "Then Satash told Har: Come, let us make holiday in my house". Har told him: "I will do so, surely, I will do. So I will do." Afterward, at evening time, bed was prepared for them, and they both lay down. During the night Satash caused his phallus to become stiff and inserted it between the thighs of Har. Har placed his hands between his thighs and received the semen of Satash."

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 19, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 2

    August 19, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 2

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August 20, 2020
  • Good, Morning Day and Night

    August 20, 2020

    Offer praise to Hw (Authoritative Utterance) and Sia' (Divine thought)

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  • DjaHwtya is in the presence of Rع

    August 20, 2020

    DjaHwtya (Thoth) is in the presence of Rع (Sun God)

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  • Going forth of Satash with His followers to the eastern horizon

    August 20, 2020

    Going forth of Satash (Seth) with His followers to the eastern horizon

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  • Written communication of order of reconciliation of the wadja'at eye

    August 20, 2020

    Written communication of order of reconciliation of the wadja'at eye (fractions of the whole)

    In ancient Egypt, the wadja'at eye was used to represent fractions. Each part of the eye was a fraction of the whole number.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 3

    August 20, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 3

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August 21, 2020
  • Combative Morning, Good Day, Combative Night

    August 21, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die of skin-sash

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 4

    August 21, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 4

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  • Going forth of Inpw for wعbat amulet for protection of the divine limbs

    August 21, 2020

    Going forth of Inpw (Anubis) for wعbat (pure) amulet for protection of the divine limbs.

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August 22, 2020
  • Day of encouragement of the Natjrw

    August 22, 2020

    Day of encouragement of the Natjrw (gods)

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  • Festival of Mantjw

    August 22, 2020

    Festival of Mantjw (Montu)
    Mantjw is a Natjr (god) that rose to prominence with the 11th dynasty Pharaohs at Wa'set (Thebes) He is usually depicted as a falcon headed man, but also can be a sacred bull known as the Buchis, or a bull headed man.

    Mantjw is primarily a military war god, and patron of the militant Pharaohs of the New Kingdom. Also, he was patron of the Madja'yw (Medjay), originally an ethnic group from Nubia, but eventually was culturally absorbed into ancient Egypt to form a special forces unit of the military and paramilitary police unit during the New Kingdom.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 5

    August 22, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 5

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 22, 2020

    Do not copulate with a woman. Anyone born on this day will die of copulation.

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August 23, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 23, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die of drunkenness

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  • The Pasadjat war gives praise in front of the Nab ra Djar

    August 23, 2020

    The Pasadjat war (Great Ennead) gives praise in front of the Nab ra Djar (Lord of All, Rع itamw (Atum)).

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  • Rع is in heaven, the Natjrw are pacified in his presence.

    August 23, 2020

    Rع (sun god) is in heaven, the Natjrw (gods) are pacified in his presence.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 6

    August 23, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 6

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August 24, 2020
  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 7

    August 24, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 7

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  • The return of Rع on the necks of the foreigners.

    August 24, 2020

    The return of Rع (sun god) on the necks of the foreigners.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 24, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die in foreign lands.

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  • The children of Badasa are in the east.

    August 24, 2020
    the east.

    The children of Badasa (rebel-serpent) are in the east.

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August 25, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 25, 2020

    Anything you see will be good.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 8

    August 25, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 8

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August 26, 2020
  • Jubilation of Rع; his Pasadjat war is in festivity

    August 26, 2020

    Jubilation of Rع (sun god), his Pasadjat war (Great Ennead) is in festivity. All enemies are overthrown today.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 9

    August 26, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 9

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 26, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die at a good old age.

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  • Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHadatya

    August 26, 2020

    Navigation of the sacred barque of Har BaHdatya (Horus of Edfu)

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August 27, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 27, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 10

    August 27, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 10

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  • Procession of Ba'asat Mistress of عnakhatw, going to the Isadat

    August 27, 2020

    Procession of Ba'asat (Bast, Bastet), Mistress of عnakhatw, going to the Isadat. The Isadat tree, in Iwnw (Heliopolis), on the leaves of which pharaohs' names were inscribed.

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  • Rع raised Ma'عat again and again to Itamw

    August 27, 2020

    Rع (sun god) raised Ma'عat (Ma'at) again and again to Itamw (Atum)

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August 28, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 28, 2020

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  • Fixing the frontpiece at the front of prow of the barque.

    August 28, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 11

    August 28, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 11

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August 29, 2020
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    August 29, 2020

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  • Satash raised His head in rebellion of Rع; Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

    August 29, 2020

    Satash (Seth) raised His head in rebellion of Rع (sun god); Annihilating the speech of Satash. Separation of the head is inflicted on the conspirator.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 12

    August 29, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 12

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August 30, 2020
  • The Warw praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies

    August 30, 2020

    The Warw (Great Ones, Pasadjat war, Great Ennead) praise the Luminary, overthrower of enemies (Har BaHadatya - Horus of Edfu)

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 13

    August 30, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 13

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 30, 2020

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August 31, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    August 31, 2020

    Make offerings to the local Natjrw (gods), and pacify the spirits

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  • Receiving Hadjat by Har

    August 31, 2020

    Receiving Hadjat (White Crown) by Har (Horus)

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 14

    August 31, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 14

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September 1, 2020
  • Going forth of Rع at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

    September 1, 2020

    Going forth of Rع (sun god) at nightfall with his followers, the sight of which any person will die

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 15

    September 1, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 15

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  • Good Morning, Combative Day and Night

    September 1, 2020

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September 2, 2020
  • Wanan nafar: His followers are in great festivity.

    September 2, 2020

    Wanan nafar: His followers are great festivity.
    Wanan nafar is Onoúphrios, a name of A'sir (Osiris) that means "the one who is perpetually perfect/beautiful."

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 2, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat Day 16

    September 2, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 16

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  • Strife by children of Gabab

    September 2, 2020

    Strife by children of Gabab (Geb, Seb)

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September 3, 2020
  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 3, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die smelling.

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  • The local Natjrw will listen to you today.

    September 3, 2020

    The local Natjrw (gods) will listen to you today

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 17

    September 3, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 17

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September 4, 2020
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 4, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 18

    September 4, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 18

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  • Inspecting the wعbat while making transformations into lizards for the sama' ta'

    September 4, 2020

    Inspecting the wعbat (pure place) while making transformations into lizards (drying the khat - body in natron) for the sama' ta' (burial-ground). He started weeping aloud. He placed their hands on their heads, men and women alike.

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September 5, 2020
  • II A'khat Manakhat 19

    September 5, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 19

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 5, 2020

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  • Going forth of Nnw to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

    September 5, 2020

    Going forth of Nnw (Nun) to set up the noble one - the djad pillar of PtaH

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September 6, 2020
  • Giving compensation in presence of Rع

    September 6, 2020

    Giving compensation in presence of Rع (sun god). DjaHwtya (Thoth) makes an example of rebels who shall be underneath.

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  • Good, Morning, Day and Night

    September 6, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 20

    September 6, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 20

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September 7, 2020
  • The eyes of Nat with Sa'ma'at guide DjaHwtya in appeasing and praising her.

    September 7, 2020

    The eyes of Nat (Neith) with Sa'ma'at (Upper Egyptian cobra) guide DjaHwtya (Thoth) in appeasing and praising her.

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 7, 2020

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 21

    September 7, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 22

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September 8, 2020
  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 8, 2020

    Do not bathe today.

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 22

    September 8, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 23

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  • Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak, son of Nat

    September 8, 2020

    Cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sabak (Sobek), son of Nat (Neith).

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  • A'sat is happy and Nabat Hwt in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar has given the throne to his son Har in front of Rع

    September 8, 2020

    A'sat (Isis) is happy and Nabat Hwt (Nephthys) in jubilation when they see Wnan nafar (Onnophris) has given the throne to his son Har (Horus) in front of Rع

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September 9, 2020
  • II A'khat Manakhat 23

    September 9, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 24

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  • Good Morning and Day, Combative Night

    September 9, 2020

    Anyone born on this day will die of a crocodile

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September 10, 2020
  • Going forth of the executioners from Sa'w to look for the children of Sabi when He is in the Wa'dj war

    September 10, 2020

    Going forth of the executioners from Sa'w (Sais) to look for the children of Sabi (rebel serpent) when He is in the Wa'dj war (great green, ocean).

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  • II A'khat Manakhat 24

    September 10, 2020

    Second Month of the Season A'khat - Inundation. Month of Manakhat - cloth. Day 25

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  • Combative, Morning, Day and Night

    September 10, 2020

    Do not go out in any wind

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